An anteroseptal infarction is a specific area of heart that dies due to lack of or insufficient flow of blood. The front of heart just above the septum or wall dividing the left and right sides of heart is the one referred to as anteroseptal. There are three main arteries supplying blood to different parts of this region of heart. Left anterior descending artery supplies the anterior portion and when it blocks off, it may result in the entire part of front portion of heart becoming infarct. This can cause a patient to have a seriously damaged heart that is unable to pump blood properly.
Sometimes, the left anterior descending artery does not block but one of the small vessels supplying blood to it blocks. When this happens, it may lead to what is known as anteroseptal infarction. In case of anteroseptal infarction, the tissue damage is usually centered on anteroseptal wall— that area between right and left ventricles.
It is important that a patient gets treatment soonest possible in order to prevent further death of tissue and additional damage to heart. Therefore, anteroseptal infarction is damage to the anteroseptal wall and it should be differentiated from acute myocardial infarction where there is more deprivation of blood to the heart due to blockage of the whole artery.
In case of lesser blockages, for instance, where there is blocking of branches of arteries that lead to the left anterior descending artery, this mainly causes infarction to specific heart’s region such as the anteroseptal wall. When a person has anteroseptal infarction, he or she may experience symptoms such as pressure, pain, and discomfort in chest because there is no enough blood being supplied sufficiently to the rest of body.
In examining a patient with anteroseptal infarction, doctors will evaluate the symptoms. In case of chest pain, an evaluation using electrocardiograph machine is performed to help look at electrical activity of a patient’s heart. When something abnormal is detected, the machine will provide information, which guides the doctor to determine where the problem is located.
In order to diagnose anteroseptal infarction and other conditions related to heart attack, a doctor needs to understand how the heart conduction system works and the way different tests such as electrocardiogram work to detect defects or damage in tissue of the heart. Electrical activity of heart emanates from sinoatrial node— which is a cluster of cells that are situated in the upper posterior part of right atrium.
There is usually an electrical activity known as depolarization and another one known as repolarization. These two electrical activities of the heart are what lead to muscle contraction and relaxation. Depolarization will result in muscle contraction and repolarization leads to muscle relaxation.
When there is damage of tissue in specific part of heart, it will lead to abnormality of movement in that part. Usually, when there is blockage of an artery, it will cause tissue to die off. This will induce a change in movement of the specific part that has dead tissue. Doctors will conduct different tests to help detect which part is affected and what could be cause.
The doctor will use a number of leads as well as electrodes to examine the heart. Anteroseptal infarction can be detected during the leads of the first to fourth ventricles. It is readily visible by a doctor who reads the test of an electrocardiograph machine and it helps in providing more information to assist in treatment.
At times, when the examination is being done, a doctor may be able to identify some old anteroseptal infarction that may not have received treatment and caused damage that is permanent. In such a case, the part of the heart muscle, which is affected, is often less mobile and this may be contributing to irregularities in blood circulation and heart beat.
There are also other tests, which can show evidence of having acute infarction meaning that there is damage that is going on, and further immediate treatment is needed in order to stop it. The treatment of anteroseptal infarction often involves use of medicines that help in stimulating the heart.
Treatment also aims at stopping the cause of artery blockage. Sometimes, when the medicines do not seem to solve the problem, surgery may be needed to bypass a section of an artery that has completely been blocked. A stent may also be used to allow blood to flow much freely.
Moreover, patients with anteroseptal infarction may need adjustment of their diet so that further artery blockage problems can be prevented. A patient may need to change their lifestyle by indulging in physical activity and controlling their blood pressure. This helps prevent another incidents of an infarction of the heart.
In case you experience symptoms of heart attack, you may want to seek help of a doctor immediately. Some people may actually experience heart attack and other conditions like anteroseptal infarct without showing symptoms. When not treated immediately, it is likely that the heart muscle fibers, which have been affected will result in irreversible damage or death in just a few minutes, and this makes them lose their functionality hence being replaced by a scar tissue that occurs in some few weeks.
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