Collagen Deficiency

Because of the diverse location of collagen types, they are linked to so many diseases. The diseases associated with collagen are usually as a result of nutritional deficiencies or genetic defects. These kinds of defects mostly lead to problems in the collagen molecules biosynthesis, posttranslational modification processes and their assembly. There can also be defects in general production and secretion of collagen too.

Additionally, there is also surplus collagen formation and deposition in the scleroderma. Collagen is simply a protein that is found in sin that ensures that the skin appears both smooth and full. Furthermore, it aids in sustaining tendons, muscles, cartilage and internal organs and is also present in the teeth. Collagen constitutes 25 percent of the entire protein amount in the human body. As one ages, the production of collagen goes down, leading to the formation of wrinkles, scarring as well as sagging skin.

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Importance of collagen in the body

There are almost 20 varied kinds of collagen in the human body. Every group of collagen has a very paramount role to play in the body, like maintaining and formation of internal body organs. Collagen is basically important for smooth and healthy skin. The dermis is the skin layer that is responsible for formation of wrinkles.

The production of collagen reduces as one gets old hence wrinkle formation. Additionally, the joints cartilages also weaken. This skin layer comprises of hair follicles, blood vessels and sebaceous glands. Collagen comes in handy in supporting and ensuring that this part has sufficient elasticity. Collagen also plays the vital role of restoring the skin cells that are dead.


Causes of collagen deficiency

There are so many cells that play a part in the manufacturing of collagen, though the majority is produced in the connective tissue cells. There are in excess of 20 kinds of collagen in the human body. Every type is vital in ensuring that this organ functions optimally. For instance, one kind of collagen aids in providing structural support to the skin. It maintains skin smoothness and elasticity. There is another different type that is found in the cartilage that aids in keeping the joints strong.

Normally, the deficiency of collagen normally starts occurring as from 40 years of age. This process is physiological. Above 60 years of age, the collagen production reduces considerably. Also, collagen degeneration will also occur in the body as a result of specific environmental conditions. For instance, too much exposure to the sun can cause grave repercussions to the collagen in the skin. There are other disorders that are responsible for collagen cells degeneration like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.


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Signs of Collagen Deficiency

Because collagen is available in many organs and tissues, there are so many different symptoms that can manifest as a result of collagen deficiency.

Skin: Collagen provides the major support for the skin.  The skin layers have collagen. Lack or deficiency of collagen will be evident in lack of elasticity, wrinkle formation, easy bruising and sagging skin. When collagen is not produced in the body, wounds will take long to heal.

Muscles: Muscle fibers are cemented using collagen. The individuals suffering from collagen deficiency can complain of regular muscle aches.

Cartilage: This is the thin tissue that is present in joints. It ensures that the joints structures are bound. Joints consist of varied structures like bones, tendons and blood vessels. Collagen deficiency in the cartilage will affect the stability of joints on top of joint pains and producing stiffness.

Teeth: The collagen substance helps anchor teeth tot eh gums. When collagen lacks, the teeth loosen which may lead to early teeth destruction and toothaches.

Walls of blood vessels: Collagen deficiency can have a great effect on blood vessels. It can cause headaches, breathing problems, chest pains, skin rashes and dry eyes.


Treatment procedures of collagen deficiency

Vitamin C is a vital nutrient needed to produce collagen. Absence of Vitamin C can have an adverse effect on secretion of collagen. Thus, sufficient intake of Vitamin C is essential for the body to bring down collagen deficiency. The best source of Vitamin C is vegetables and fruits. Eating vegetables and fruits in old age is vital in fighting collagen deficiency. This will lengthen the period in which collagen will stay alive.

So as to improve the skin contour, make use of skin fillers. Collagen exists in collagen blocks and jelly form. This material is prepared using human collagen and bovine sources. This substance can easily be injected under skin to treat sagging skin and wrinkles.

In the prolonged wounds and ulcers, ointments containing collagen can be used in enhancing the healing process.  Collagen dressing can also be used in the first or second degree burns to hinder scarring. The collagen supplements can also be used in case of osteoarthritis, whereby the cartilage is destroyed. It is obtainable in liquid and pills form.

Because most of the collagen supplements originate from animal products, they can cause allergies to some people. Therefore, it is paramount to note the allergic rations and notify the medical practitioner beforehand before any kind of collagen treatment procedure.


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