Elevated Albumin Levels

There are several serums that are contained in the blood for the proper working of body and circulatory functions. The serums are also important in the functioning of the immune system, and this is one of the most important functions of the body, without which the body will be ravaged by diseases that can prove to be fatal. Out of the serums found in the blood, serum albumin and globulin are the most crucial. These two are synthesized in the liver and kidney respectively.

Normal Albumin Range in Blood

Albumin is the one tasked with the prevention of leakage from the blood and into the tissues. It is also the one that is in charge of the growth of tissues and makes the healing of tissues happen faster. When one has elevated albumin levels in the blood, tests are dome as would be done for people with liver or kidney diseases. These tests are also done in conjunction with others to ensure that there are no other underlying conditions; the liver profile and BUN and also creatinine measurements are taken. The normal levels of albumin fall within the range of 3.4-5.4 g/dl.

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Causes of Elevated Albumin Levels or Hyperalbuminemia

In medical circles, people who have elevated serum albumin levels in their blood are said to be suffering from hyperalbuminemia. There are several factors that bring about this condition and these are:

  • Congenital factors and disorders – these are generally congenital factors that may affect the proper functioning of the liver and the kidney.
  • Severe infections – this is when the infections strain the functions of the liver or the kidney.
  • Hepatitis – this is a disease that affects the liver and will therefore affect the production of serum albumin.
  • Severe dehydration – this will affect most of the organs of the body including the liver and that is why is causes the condition to develop.
  • Poor nourishment – this also puts a strain on the liver.
  • Tuberculosis
  • Chronic inflammatory disease – especially those that affect the liver and the kidneys.
  • Taking too much cortisone drugs, adrenal glands that produce too much cortisol and tumors that produce substances that resemble and act like cortisol.
  • HIV – this causes a suppression of the immune system and other opportunistic diseases may take hold of the body and cause a lot of damage and strain to the liver, hence the high albumin levels.
  • Kidney disease – this is a disease which affects the removal of ammonia in the body through urine; this means high ammonia levels in the blood which will affect the functioning of the liver.
  • Congestive cardiac failure – will affect the functioning of the circulatory system and cause elevated albumin levels.
  • Cancer any cancer or tumor can produce substances that mimic the effects of cortisone, which causes elevated albumin levels.

Some of these diseases affect the immune system and also elevate the protein levels in the body and these affect the functioning of the liver.

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Symptoms

Whenever a patient has elevated serum albumin levels in the blood, it indicates that there is some dysfunction in the body. The individual will exhibit different clinical features depending on which disease if affecting the liver; liver disease, kidney disease and others. This is why the proper diagnosing of the real reason why the blood has elevated albumin levels is crucial.

Diagnosis for elevated albumin in the blood

The symptoms of elevated albumin levels occur at the later stages of kidney and liver disease; people who suffer from diabetes should undergo the test at least once a year. A sample of urine and blood is taken for testing in the lab to see if there high levels of proteins in either or both. They take a look at the ratio of albumin and creatinine. For a healthy male, the level should be less than or equal to 2.5 mg/mmol and that for a healthy female as less than or equal to 3.5 mg/mmol.

Treatment for elevated albumin

The main treatment for elevated albumin in the blood would be the control of blood pressure and other factors that will affect the functioning of the liver. These are usually achieved by undertaking lifestyle changes, and also the use of certain medications, depending on the underlying disease or condition. If the liver has been seriously affected, then a transplant may be necessary; this is in very severe cases. One should also avoid medication that has high levels of cortisone.

Looking at the high number of factors that can cause elevated serum albumin levels in the blood, an individual should be very careful when suffering from any of them. The functions of the liver and albumin are very important and this is a condition that requires a serious approach to treatment and management.

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