Mucus is normally formed in the urinary tract and is a normal constituent of the urine. Mucus threads can be seen usually in the penis or urethra of a man or urethra and vagina of women. However, if excessive threads are seen then they might indicate an underlying pathology, which can include inflammation and infection of the urinary tract. The urine gives a cloudy appearance in such conditions, and the threads are not visible through the naked eye. But, the threads are clearly visible when viewed under microscope.
The treatment focuses on treating the underlying cause. The condition is easily resolved by proper medications and home care remedies. The patient should also take care of keeping himself hydrated and drink lots of water to get rid of the condition and any underlying infection. T He or she should also focus on improving the immune system’s defence.
Role of Mucus in Human Body
Few of the systems of the body are lined by mucus epithelium, which secrete mucus to moist the walls of the particular cavity and have various functions. In the digestive tract, mucus is released to ease the passage of food through the tract, and eases the passage of feces through the intestines. It also reduces the friction between the material and lining of the tract thus reducing or preventing irritation to the wall layer. The urinary tract has this mucus in the form of threads and fluids.
Causes of Mucus Threads in Urine
As discussed earlier, these threads are common in urine if they appear in lower amounts. But when they appear in higher amounts, the urine seems hazy and cloudy. The raised amount may be due to one or more of the following reasons:
- Kidney Stones: Stones in the urinary tract or kidneys can be a major cause of mucus threads in urine. These stones are accompanied by abdominal pain and cramps. The urine of affected individuals has a foul smell and a yellowish tinge.
- Infection: Infection can occur in any part of the urinary system. This may include the kidneys, urinary bladder, ureters or urethra. The affected individual feels discomfort while urinating. Such infections are more common in pregnancy as the bladder size get reduced. The urine can also contain mucus in such conditions because of normal secretions of the genitals during pregnancy.
- Ulcerative Colitis: Ulcerative colitis is the inflammation of the mucous membrane of the intestines. This condition can sometimes lead to infection of the urinary system. This inflammation causes mucous secretion which is secreted in the urine.
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Irritable bowel syndrome is a condition affecting the large intestine. This condition causes improper bowel movements for more than 6 months. This also causes secretion of huge amounts of mucus which is secreted in the urine.
- Sexually Transmitted Disease: The urinary tract can also get contaminated with the bacteria causing sexually transmitted diseases. This contamination causes excessive production of mucous which is then released in the urine.
- Normal Discharge: A few mucus threads in the urine can be present due to the normal discharge of mucus through the lining of the urinary tract. They are normally present in urine in fewer amounts.
Effects of Mucus Threads in Urine
The presence of mucus does not cause any discomfort to the patient by itself but it is a warning sign to the patient that something is wrong with his or her urinary system. The mucus threads are not visible in the urine by naked eyes, but the urine appears cloudy in the presence of such threads. A person having foul smelling urine with cloudy appearance should immediately consult a physician regarding the same. Some other symptoms may also be seen like painful urination and blood in urine. The confirmation of presence of mucus is done by urinalysis.
For the normal amount of mucus in urine, no treatment is required, but if the mucus is present in higher amounts, it can be treated by one of the following ways:
- Antibiotics: Consult your physician and they will prescribe you with the appropriate antibiotics according to the infection. Amoxicillin is given for the urinary tract infections, which treat the infections and thus prevent mucus formation. Sexually transmitted diseases like Chlamydia are treated using erythromycin.
- Anti-Inflammatory Medications: If the underlying condition is ulcerative colitis, then such medications can help in subsiding the infection and therefore reduces mucus formation. Corticosteroids can also be given in such cases.
- Change in Diet: This method is employed when the underlying cause is irritable bowel syndrome or some intestinal disease. In this condition, your diet should not upset your bowel movements. You should prevent carbonated drinks which cause gas formation in your bowel and cause bloating in your digestive tract. Avoid raw foods as they increase the formation of gases. Also, focus on including more fibres in your diet which will promote good bowel movements. You can also take anti-diarrheal medications.
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