Suprapatellar Bursa

The suprapatellar bursa is one that comprises of a bursa (A sac that is filled with synovial fluid) that is found on the upper side of the knee cap. Just below the quadriceps femoris muscle. This is a region that suffers a lot of injury, both minute and severe, and these lead to the formation of the bursa. The bursa may be made of one single sac or may be a collection of smaller sacs within the area.

What Is Suprapatellar Bursitis?

This is the condition that develops when one is suffering from having suprapatellar bursa. This is brought about by chronic injury to the patella, and there is the formation of small fractures. These then lead to the formation of the sac(s). One can also get suprapatellar bursa when crawling or running too much, since this puts a lot of repeated stress on the knee cap. This is a serious condition, since if left untreated, it can lead to calcification of the knee joint and this will be permanent.

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If the individual is suffering from frequent pain in the front part of the knee, just above the knee cap, then testing for suprapatellar bursa should be done immediately. The pain may sometimes go up to the lower art of the thigh, immediately above the knee joint. The patient may also find it difficult to walk up a flight of stair or assume the kneeling position.

After several studies, doctors have found that the suprapatellar bursa will appear at the same time as tendinitis of the knee or arthritis; this could result in wrongful diagnosis and prescription of treatment. It is important that someone having the suprapatellar bursa go through a multidimensional approach to diagnosis, so there is proper treatment. The patent may also have to undergo lifestyle and dietary changes, and also be on painkillers until the bursa is fully treated.

Symptoms of suprapatellar bursa

The signs that one is having a suprapatellar bursa will include:

  • The front part of the knee, which lies just below the thing will experience a lot of tenderness
  • When the patent flexes the knee slightly while some resistance is applied to the lower leg, there will be a lot of pain; when the resistance is removed, the pain will abate
  • There will be a lot of inflammation in the region of the knee cap
  • The upper part of the knee will also swell
  • The patient may also suffer from fever and will feel very weak most of the time


There are several factors that can cause suprapatellar bursa, but the most common are:

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  • Traumas – these include sprains, hematomas and contusions that one may get from contact sports or accidents.
  • Infectious spreading – there may be foci in other sites of the body which move to the knee cap and cause the suprapatellar bursa to develop.
  • Prolonged or repeated mechanical impact on the joint or lifting heavy loads
  • As a complication brought about by an autoimmune disease such as lupus erythematosus
  • As a complication caused by another inflammatory disease of the knees such as gout and arthritis
  • As an allergic reaction to some substances both internally and externally

Treatment of suprapatellar bursa

When it comes to the treatment of a suprapatellar bursa, a multidimensional approach is required in the prescribing of the treatment regime. The age of the patient, the movement and function of the knee will be considered first. The program will include a strict diet and supplementation regime. The patient will also have to do some gentle exercises which will improve the motion of the knee and also help reduce the pain.

Some examples include:

For diet, one can mix raw honey and turmeric into a thick paste and then consume it at regular periods during the day. Honey is known to have anti-inflammatory properties and the turmeric is known to be a natural antibiotic; these two will help in reducing pain and stopping development of secondary infections and diseases.

Once can also take homeopathic drugs such as Sulphur and Bryonia Alba; these should be taken in low doses and will help in reducing edema and inflammation. The reduction of edema will help in the movement of the knee joint and will also reduce the pain caused by the suprapatellar bursa.

When it comes to exercises, the gentle flexing and extending of the knee will strengthen the muscles of the thing and bring some pain relief. The exercises should be gentle and should not be pushed to the point of causing pain.

The patient should take supplements which have magnesium and calcium, which are beneficial to all bones and joints. Despite their benefits to bones, one should be very careful since excess amounts can lead to the calcification of the suprapatellar bursa which will worsen the condition and cause more pain.

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