Having swollen tonsils may indicate an infection within the upper respiratory tract. However, sometimes you may be worried when you have swollen tonsils no fever. In majority of the cases, when an infection is the cause of swollen tonsils, there are usually other symptoms that accompany the swelling such as high fever, cough, sore throat, sneezing, chills, headache, muscle aches, hoarseness of the voice, and fatigue.
At times, when there is an infection that causes swelling of tonsils, these may be coated with some yellowish pus. Some people may have tonsils that are enlarged than others. It is possible that an individual has large tonsils without any problem or associated symptoms.
An infection of the tonsils
When there is inflammation of tonsils, it is referred to as tonsillitis. This occurs due to an infection caused by viruses or bacteria. This is common especially in children. However, with tonsillitis, it mainly comes with other symptoms such as chills, fever, sore throat, and coughing or sneezing.
Tonsils offer a line of defense against anything bad, which may be trying to get into body. When you have swollen tonsils, it may mean that you have a bacterial or viral infection. The swelling is an indication that the body is trying to fight the infection to stop it. In the early stages of an infection, the tonsils may swell but there is no fever. So, when you have swollen tonsils no fever, it may be that the body is fighting the infection that is in its early stages.
Causes of swollen tonsils
Swollen tonsils may be caused by bacterial infection or a virus. When the swelling of tonsils is caused by streptococcal bacteria, it is termed as strep throat. There are also fungal and parasitic causes of the swelling of tonsils. When tonsils are infected or they are overwhelmed by some microbes they are helping to fight, they tend to be enlarged.
In order to have an understanding of what causes swollen tonsils, it is important to know what tonsils are. These are part of the body’s lymphatic system. They help in protection against microbes like bacteria and virus. When the microbes are trapped in tonsils, they will be moved to the lymphatic system where they are disposed of and destroyed by the body’s immune system. Sometimes, however, there occurs a glitch in the system of disposing of the microbes.
The tonsils may at times be infected by the microbes thereby swelling, reddening, and being painful. Some of the common infections that will cause the tonsils to swell are such as common cold, strep throat, herpes simplex virus, and measles. When you have swollen tonsils whether they are accompanied by other symptoms or not, you need to see a doctor. This is because, if there is an infection such as strep throat, the complications can be serious.
Swollen tonsils— sore throat or strep?
Strep infection and sore throat can cause the tonsils to swell. A strep infection could be dangerous if not treated. You may want to look for signs such as usual spots on back of throat. In case you have swollen or red tonsils and there are patches of some white stuff on them or at the back of throat, or some pus, then it may be strep.
However, there are some other conditions which may present such symptoms and you need to call a doctor. A strep infection may cause the swollen tonsils but this may not present with some postnasal drip or cough. A virus is probably the most common cause for swollen tonsils with coughing or postnasal drip.
A virus infection will bring other symptoms such as runny nose, nasal congestion, and cold. When you have swollen tonsils or sore throat and it is accompanied by fever with temperatures of 38.3 degrees Celsius or 101 Fahrenheit , then it is most likely that you have a strep infections.
Colds may also bring some fever. However, you may also have strep infection that brings swollen tonsils no fever or just little fever. A strep infection affecting the tonsils may also cause some rough sand-paper rashes that occur on the chest and neck, and can spread to other parts of body. When this happens, you are said to have scarlet fever.
The bottom line
When you have swollen tonsils no fever, it may mean that you have an infection or some enlarged tonsils. Enlarged tonsils may even occur when there is nothing wrong or when there is no infection. Some people may have enlarged tonsils than others.
When an infection is in its early stages, the tonsils may swell but fever may not present. Therefore, any swollen tonsils even if there is no fever may need to be checked by a doctor to rule out the possibility of having an infection.
Filed in: Conditions