Swollen tonsils can occur due to many different causes. It may occur due to a sore throat, i.e., a viral or bacterial infection, marked by irritation of the nose, mouth and throat; due to strep throat, a bacterial infection, marked by inflamed tonsils and swallowing difficulties; or due to allergic reactions or sinus. However, in most cases swollen tonsils with no pain is observed when a person is affected by tonsillitis. The patient will feel pain only when he/she tries drinking or eating.
Symptoms accompanying swollen tonsils no pain
Tonsillitis is an illness that causes inflammation or swelling of the tonsils, which are 2 big tissue masses present in the throat that protect against invasion by pathogens. A tonsil occurs on each side of the throat. Inflammation of one or both of these tonsils can result in tonsillitis. Excessive enlargement of the tonsils may cause one to even touch the other. Severe tonsil swelling may occur due to acute tonsillitis.
Some of the signs and symptoms of tonsillitis are listed below:
- Pain: In normal circumstances, tonsillitis may cause no pain. Patients may experience pain only when drinking beverages or eating food. Intake of fluids like water may also cause pain. Intake of any food item may result in acute pain.
- Swelling: Swollen tonsils with no pain is a characteristic symptom of tonsillitis in both children and adults. The condition can cause lots of discomfort; increased tonsil enlargement can pose problems in breathing, swallowing, and speaking. Some patients may find it arduous to even open their mouths.
- Blotches: Swollen tonsils with no pain may occur along with yellow or whitish patches or spots; they make the oral cavity look very ugly.
- Tonsil redness: Inflammation of the tonsils cause them to become red. People with cold viral infections often suffer from swollen red tonsils. Babies affected by tonsillitis tend to elicit extremely red tonsils. There may be redness of the throat as well.
- Bad breath: Tonsillitis associated swollen tonsils with no pain often involves foul breath. The voice may become hoarse.
- Headache: Throat discomfort caused by swollen tonsils can sometimes trigger a headache.
- Sore throat: There may be soreness of the throat. Sore throat may occur during any time of the day due to inflammation of the tonsils.
- Body aches:Tonsil discomfort and swelling can radiate to produce muscled aches, and aches in different areas of the body, or the entire body.
- Sore eyes: There may be ocular soreness due to tonsillitis-related swollen tonsils with no pain.
- Fever and Chills: Some patients may suffer from high fever. Swollen glands and tonsils may also cause chills.
Some of the health complications caused due to swollen tonsils are listed below:
- Swollen tonsil infection may transfer to the respiratory system. Such respiratory infection may then occur recurrently and sporadically.
- Untreated or delayed treatment of swollen tonsils with no pain caused by bacterial infection may result in heart disease.
- Acute tonsillitis may cause the onset or recurrent ear pain. Some patients may even suffer from an ear infection.
- Adults with recurrent tonsillitis episodes may suffer from mouth abscesses which may eventually become a medical emergency.
- Children who suffer from repeated cases of inflamed tonsils exhibit slow or retarded development. They also tend to miss school quite often.
Causes of swollen tonsils no pain
Some of the common causes of tonsillitis and/or swollen tonsils with no pain are mentioned below:
- Infection by streptococcus pneumonia, GABHS/group A β-hemolytic streptococcus, staphylococcus aureus, chlamydia pneumonia, and other bacteria. Syphilis and gonorrhea causing bacteria can also cause swollen throat with no pain.
- Infection by common cold viruses such as Coronavirus, adenovirus, or rhinovirus are major triggers of tonsillitis. Swollen tonsils may also occur due to influenza and Epstein-Barr virus infections.
- Children and adults with an impaired immune system or low immunity levels are more likely to suffer from inflamed tonsils causing viral or bacterial infections.
- Condiments or pungent and spicy foods can trigger an infection and thus facilitate swelling of the tonsils with no pain. Food allergies is another known cause
- Contact with a patient can transfer the bacterial or viral infection, thereby causing swollen tonsils
- Illnesses like diphtheria or scarlet fever may also cause inflammation of the tonsils, albeit rarely.
Treatment of swollen tonsils with no pain
Treatment for tonsillitis includes:
- Antibiotic therapy for a week to 10 days.
- Ibuprofen and other anti-inflammatory drugs to alleviate fever
- Pain can be eased with painkillers and analgesics
- Severe cases of swollen tonsils may be treated via a tonsillectomy, i.e., surgical elimination of the tonsils. Doctors go for this option only when patients are suffering from chronic and recurrent instances of swollen tonsils with no pain along with swallowing problems, speech deficits, cardiac ailments, and respiratory issues.
- Some home remedies for swollen tonsils include drinking milk with 1 tsp. of turmeric powder; gargling with a solution of water and fenugreek seeds, or with warm saltwater; and drinking carrot, cucumber, and beetroot juices.
Filed in: Conditions